Dr. J. Alberto Neder, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON

In this session, Dr. Neder will present selected cases in which the relationship between ventilation and carbon dioxide output during incremental exercise provided unique insights into the mechanisms and consequences of exertional dyspnea in different clinical scenarios.

Learning Objectives
At the end of this presentation, attendees will be able to:

  • Understand the physiological basis of ventilatory efficiency;
  • Recognize the different metrics of ventilatory efficiency and their potential to provide complementary information; and
  • Integrate measurements of ventilatory efficiency with other key CPET variables to maximize the yield of the test in answering clinically-relevant questions.